Fluoride is controversial. But bear in mind that all water including natural spring water which is untreated contains some fluoride. It is nature’s way of teeth protection otherwise all those excavated remains of prehistoric men would have been toothless. Our focus here is on both the assets and liabilities of this chemical additive. As impartial reviewers, we are bound to present an authentic and authority case study that includes the presentation of the best fluoride water filter and why it is recommended.
A small history lesson first- Water filtration dates back to 1835 when on the behest of Queen Victoria, Sir Henry Daulton developed a ceramic filtration system to grapple with concerns of cholera and typhoid; the first gravity filter was born.
Do We Really Need Fluoride?
What exactly is fluoride? It is a mineral freely found in the earth’s crust and in all forms; solid, liquid and gas. When applied in small quantities, it has been scientifically proven to strengthen teeth and prevent decay. For this reason, debatably, municipalities in the US add a measured dose to the water as cavity formation is inhibited.
Fluoride protection is bestowed in different ways. Of inordinate consequence is its role in young children less than seven by strengthening tooth structure during their developmental years. It tempers the enamel structure thereby making it impervious to acids. As the child grows up he is armed with superior protection right into adulthood.
Let us delve quickly into the mechanism of tooth decay. When mouth bacteria come into contact with fermentable carbohydrates forms acid. This forms an acid exuding plaque that removes the calcium from the teeth. This demineralization leads to cavities. It’s a free for all after that.
So, yes we do need fluoride, though new developments in the use of bio-calcium as an alternative are fast gaining ground.
What Is The Impact Of Fluoride Intoxication?
Fluoride is derived from fluorine. Fluoride is known to impact the body in many ways other than just tooth decay. Our particular worry is its risks to infants. Since 2010, many communities in the US and Canada have voted for discontinuance of public water fluoridation. The recommendation of the World Health Organization is 0.5 to 1.5 mg/liter. And, the incidence of tooth decay is not any less in countries that fluoridate their water and those that don’t.
Listed below are the pitfalls associated with fluoride toxicology.
- Dental Fluorosis- During childhood, high concentrations of fluoride, lead to mild fluorosis which shows up as white specks on the enamel and discoloration.
- Skeletal Fluorosis- This is a malady that over extended time results in agony and damage to joints and bones.
- Thyroid Hitches- Unreasonable fluoride levels cause unrestrained secretion of hormones; hyperparathyroidism. This encourages calcium buildup in blood and depletion in bones making them prone to fracturing.
- Neurological Obstacles- To be mothers with high fluoride levels, as studies show, may lead to poorer cognitive abilities in their offspring. Alarmingly, fluoride has been tagged as a neurotoxin that could be high-risk for children.
- Skin problems and acne.
- Cardiological issues.
- The reproductive system in girls such as premature puberty and reduced fertility.
Our authoritative and expert opinion is to urge you to get the best fluoride water filter system for the well-being of you and your family.
Things to Consider When Buying a Water Filter for Fluoride
1. Be Informed of Your Water
We, of course, extoll the virtues of having as much information about what you are against before you close in on the apt choice of a defluorination system for the whole house. There is a lot of information on offer from your Municipality, but it may be a little outdated or not elaborate enough. The second is to meet up with a Water Specialist, which in spite of an additional cost involvement, we endorse. The correct choice will pay back in time so it is a bargain.
Fluoride is a concern undoubtedly. A Water Specialist will arrive at a complete analysis of your specific needs.
2. Be Informed of Your Needs
Choices need to be made depending on specific needs. If you are a single occupant living in a rented apartment, you don’t need an RO system. Similarly, a family cannot survive on water pitchers alone. They need far more water. Also if you are renting, fixed installations are out of the question. The best bet for you would be to go in for a gravity-fed system or a water pitcher. A large family would require an RO system or a gravity-fed system.
After careful analysis of your needs and the type of water, you can narrow in on what type of filter to choose.
3. Reverse Osmosis
Reverse osmosis (RO) water is the most refined choice for any home. An example of osmosis in nature is the roots of plants drawing water from the surrounding soil.
Osmosis is the process by which molecules are transported across a semipermeable membrane from a less dense solution into a denser solution. The contrary process is reverse osmosis, the only difference being an added external pressure source, which, in a home, is the cold water plumbing connected to the inlet. The membrane is made of a synthetic plastic material. Unfortunately, it is impervious to sodium, calcium, chlorine and large molecules like glucose, urea, bacteria, and viruses. It works like a charm with lead, arsenic, copper, fluoride, nitrates, nitrites, and selenium.
The whole unit can be put up in an under sink fitment.
4. Gravity Filter
It is a simple but highly effective concept using gravity.
It has two compartments. The upper reservoir is where the filter is housed. When topped up with water, the weight of the water forces it down and through the ceramic candle filter.
Gravity filter candles contain a spout at the bottom for filtered water to drip down into the main reservoir.
For fluoride and other contaminants, modern filtration techniques are employed which effectively do away with bacteria, arsenic, fluoride, radionuclides, mercury nickel, zinc and a host of other toxins and impurities.
Water filter plants that employ the deionization technique flush out more than 90% of the fluoride content. Not only does it remove fluoride but it also softens hard water. Arsenic, nitrates, tannins, heavy metals and more, are also removed.
Deionized water is not particularly pure water. This is conditional on the constitution of the origin. The process does not remove pathogens or organic adulterants.
It is unsafe to drink deionized water. A few reasons why:
- Depletion of beneficial minerals like calcium and magnesium.
- Leeches of metal from pipes and other chemicals into the water.
- Increased risk of metal toxicity.
- Mineral loss in food when cooking.
- Possible damage to the intestinal mucosa.
- Mineral homeostasis.
- DI water does not taste good. It feels strange and kind of prickly on the tongue.
6. Water Filter Pitchers
A water filter pitcher is a simple setup. It constitutes three parts; pitcher, reservoir and the filter. The filter is hooked to the reservoir. Tap water is used to top up the reservoir. The water makes its way down through the filter and trickles into the pitcher basin. Efficiency plummets as the filter gets clogged gradually and it is time to renew the filter.
Pitchers are inexpensive, are portable and can be comfortably placed as a countertop water filter or in the refrigerator. On the negative side, the volume is 2-3 liters tops and the filter needs replacement every few months.
7. Water Distiller
How does a water work? It does not attempt to remove the adulterants from the water, but the water from the adulterants.
The water is converted to steam by a distiller. Fluoride and other chemical adulterants remain behind as residue. The high temperature however kills pollutants like bacteria and viruses
The cooling down of the steam results in pure water which collects in the storage tank.
A water distiller is user-friendly and portable.
The downsides are it takes a pretty long time to distill water and is of small capacity. It eradicates also beneficial minerals and lastly, as it operates on electricity, it ups your consumption a bit.
8. Ease of Installation
The only type of installation that requires a little know how is an under the sink fitment and that too can be achieved easily in 15 minutes. All that requires to be done is to connect up the cold water plumbing to the inlet. Some models or the chosen location may require minimal plumbing. If you are a DIY enthusiast, it’s a walkover.
Filter changing is also very simple. It takes a maximum of 10 minutes to change a filter.
9. Ease of Maintenance
The main filtration point in an RO system is the membrane. If this does not function satisfactorily, the performance of the system will come to a grinding halt. To maintain your RO plant at peak performance, some tips are:
- The RO plant must be serviced every 6-12 months by a professional water engineer.
- All cartridges which are part of the system should be sanitized.
- The tank pressure setting should be at the correct level.
- Inspect o rings and replace as required to stop leaks.
Water Fluoridation in The United States
Water Fluoridation, with the goal of cavity reduction, started being added to public water supplies. According to figures available with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, two-thirds of the American population has access to fluoridated water. About 1 ppm is the amount added.
In 2015, the US Department of Health and Human Services issued a recommendation that to combat the incidence of dental cavities, fluoride levels should be 0.7 mg/liter as compared to 0.7 to 1.2 mg/liter promulgated earlier in 1962. This is because more Americans have access to sources of fluoride now than earlier.
Fluoridation has been the root of much controversy. Those in support endorse that it is safe and effective in reducing cavities especially for the poor and underprivileged. Those against have it that it is an unethical mass medication program implemented without one’s consent. A laborer who toils in the sun will consume a lot of water and hence will be imbibing more fluoride.
With the advent of toothpaste, they ask, is it needed? Incidentally, the first fluoride-based toothpaste, Crest was introduced in 1955.
Activist groups such as the Fluoride Action Network have been warning against the perils of Fluoride over-dosing.
Given that at even very low doses exceeding 1 ppm it becomes a toxin is a line too fine.
Tips to Reduce Fluoride Exposure
- Cease consuming fluoridated water. This is especially critical for infants. Go in for an RO plant, a Gravity filter or any other suitable fluoride filters available
- Do not allow your children to swallow toothpaste. Do supervise your child while he is brushing his teeth
- Deny fluoride gel treatments at the dentists’
- Consume fresh food more. Cut down or banish processed food from your plate
- Any juices and wines that you consume should be organic
- Cut back on your consumption of black and green tea. Drink tea with younger leaves.
- Stay away from cooking with non-stick Teflon pans
- Give Cipro a wide berth along with other pharmaceuticals which are fluorinated
- Tone down on consumption of mechanically deboned chicken. Small pieces of bone are left in the meat and bone is the main site of fluoride deposition. Chicken has been found to be consistently high
- And of course, avoid fluoridated salt
We have researched extensively on this subject with the sole aim of rendering to our readers expert knowledge, facts, and pointers in making the right choice where it comes to highlighting the best fluoride water filter across several makes.
What is the best way to remove fluoride,? This is a question that is moot. All of the water filters discussed are capable of separating out the fluoride and other undesirable elements out. It is a matter of personal preference based on your exact requirements and the features offered by the filter.
Important considerations would be;
-do you want an installed system or a portable one
- if you are thinking about installing an RO system, do you have any special needs; how is your water pressure; do you have a medical condition that requires alkaline water.
- if portability and emergency preparedness is your main concern, you should probably go with gravity or pitcher filter.
- a distiller is portable but requires plugging in and also slow. Certainly not suited for emergencies.
1. Fluoride is resistant to what kinds of water filters?
Water pitchers are not very effective at removing fluoride though they do remove a lot of other contaminants.
2. Does a fluoride shower water filter exist?
Sure it does. One such model does exist and it is the Propur ProMax.
3. Other than an RO system, is there any other under the sink filter that removes fluoride?
There are other options available, though they’re limited. One is Propur and the second, Clearly Filtered. Working is shown below.
4. By boiling water can fluoride be removed from it?
Unfortunately, the answer is no. It reconsolidates more densely as fluorine salt. But capturing the evaporating stem and allowing it to cool will do the trick.
5. Is fluoride removable from water by water softeners?
Fluoride levels will remain unaffected when softening water. Fluoride, sulfate, chloride, and nitrate are positively charged and hence cannot be removed by water softening methods.
6. Do water filters that remove fluoride have disadvantages?
There are no disadvantages considering that fluoride is particularly harmful to infants and children. Fluoride in water cannot be controlled as brushing teeth or otherwise supplement fluoride.
7. Does a Brita filter remove fluoride?
A Brita filter does not remove fluoride. It is NSF/ANSI 42 certified for reduction for chlorine taste, odor, and zinc; NSF/ANSI 53 for reduction of copper, cadmium, and mercury. It does a great job of making water tastier and that’s about it.
8. Does reverse osmosis remove fluoride?
Reverse osmosis is the benchmark of effective fluoride purging from drinking water.
9. What is the difference between reverse osmosis and an ion exchange resin?
The key difference is that an ion exchange resin, as the name implies exchanges ions, whereas an RO plant removes ions proportionally.
10. Is a home fluoride water filtration system worth it?
A home filtration system is most certainly worth it. Be it a fixed installation or portable device is a choice for you to make taking other factors into consideration.
11. How often should I change the filters in my system?
This depends entirely on what type of filtration equipment you have installed, the usage of the equipment depending on family size, etc. The lifetime of a filter is governed by the quantity of water it has to filter.
12. How effectively is fluoride removed from the water at home?
Fluoride removal from home drinking water necessitates a reliable and dedicated fluoride removing water filtration system. This can be an RO, gravity-based filter system, etc. They all remove fluoride very effectively, up to 99%.